Then, as situation-specific biases are identified, tolerance programming may consider utilizing the social desirability tendency to engage non-Muslims in combating their own biases.
Future Research The results of the current study point the way to future research. Muslim Student Associations on college campuses across the country came under secret surveillance by American police.
European Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia. In the present study, we explore the type of situation-specific attitudes held by undergraduate non-Muslim students toward Muslim Americans post-September 11, Discussion A major goal of this study was to examine if attitudes toward Muslim Americans were in fact more negative than attitudes expressed toward individuals whose ethnicities were unspecified.
Sign up for the HuffPost Must Reads newsletter. Each participant had an equal chance of receiving either version. Using this model, we argue that persons with non-prejudiced orientations toward others are more likely to respond with more positive attitudes toward Muslim Americans due to a genuine tendency to emphasize universal commonalities.
Pearson correlations were conducted to examine if there were any relations between attitudes toward Muslim Americans in situations one, three, and four and the UOS and MCSD see Table 3. Evidence of reliability and validity for the Universal Orientation Scale. Significant differences were not found in all situations.
Pearson correlations of demographic data with the SAS scores revealed four relevant factors age, gender, generational status, and race. Public remains conflicted over Islam. The Huffington Post is covering anti-Muslim discrimination and those who are working to combat it.
Other research has indicated Americans possess a lingering resentment toward Arabs and Muslims in America post-September 11, as examined by opinion poll articles in the Washington Post Panagopoulos, As many Muslim Americans are visibly culturally distinct, it would be of value to explore whether attitudes of non-Muslims toward Muslim Americans resemble attitudes expressed by European non-Muslims toward members of these minority groups.
Public Opinion Quarterly, 70, — Toward a theory and measure of the nature of nonprejudice. A means to measure environmental sexism. The recent Pew opinion poll considered such factors as age, education, political affiliation, and familiarity with Islam. The analysis examined the relationships between the six independent variables and the general situational attitudes toward Muslim Americans across the nine situations.
She replied that she was cold, but the girl pressed further, demanding to know what it was hiding. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 1, 5— Each situation included ten bipolar semantic differential scales that were coded with higher scores indicating more negative attitudes.
Attitudes toward Muslim American versus unspecified ethnicity The first hypothesis suggested that attitudes toward Muslim American individuals would be more negative than attitudes toward individuals of unspecified ethnicity in specific contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, — Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you.
Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 20, —Sep 18, · WASHINGTON — Hate crimes against American Muslims have soared to their highest levels since the aftermath of the Sept.
11, attacks, according to. As public attention focused on Muslims in America after 9/11, many American Muslims asked themselves how their identities as Muslim individuals and communities living and participating in a western democracy, fit into the American religious landscape.
Due to the saliency of the traumatic events of September 11, generalizing the terrorists of 9/11 to all Muslims could possibly explain the presence of these negative attitudes. Evidence for this is found in reports that directly after September 11, individuals identified to be Muslim in Europe were targeted and attacked because they were.
Muslims in America, post 9/ Americans’ acceptance of Muslims has continued to deteriorate since 9/11, research finds, and Muslim Americans have responded. "For most American Muslims, many of us categorize our lives as pre-9/11 and post-9/" By Lydia O'Connor Muslims experienced very different treatment in America 15 years ago.
He was let go after 9/ In addition, the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), America's top Muslim civil rights organization, has been prohibited access to the White House for the most of post 9/11 era unlike in Britain, where Muslim organizations' access to the country's top leaders increased after the July 7, terrorist attacks.Download